Calculate a ratio from two numbers

An excel formula to calculate a ratio from two numbers

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 Calculate a ratio from two numbers
=num1/GCD(num1,num2)&":"&num2/GCD(num1,num2)

If you need to generate the ratio of two numbers to each other (e.g. 4:3, 16:9, etc.), you can do using division, the GCD function, and concatenation. In the generic form of the formula (above) num1 represents the first number (the antecedent) and num2 represents the second number (the consequent).

In the example, the active cell contains this formula:

 
=B4/GCD(B4,C4)&":"&C4/GCD(B4,C4)

Here's how the formula works:

This formula looks complicated but, at the core, it is quite simple, and created in two parts like so:

 
= (formula for number1) &":"& (formula for number2)

On the left, the GCD function is used to calculated the greatest common divisor (GCD) of the two numbers. Then the first number is divided by the GCD. On the right, the same operations are performed with the second number.

Next, the result of the right and left operations are joined together using concatenation, with the colon (":") as a separator. So, altogether, we have:

 
=B4/(GCD(B4,C4)) &":"& C4/GCD(B4,C4) =1280/(GCD(1280,720)) &":"& 720/GCD(1280,720) =1280/80 &":"& 720/80 =16 &":"& 9 =16:9

Note that the final result of this formula is a text value.

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